Determining the source of implant failure is crucial when developing future protocols for wear testing and optimizing device design. Research performed by Explico’s engineers  has provided valuable insight for the development of new testing standards, and has resulted in multiple, peer-reviewed publications 

Rundell, SA, Day JS, Isaza J, Guillory S, Kurtz SM. Lumbar total disc replacement impingement sensitivity to disc height distraction, spinal sagittal orientation, implant position, and implant lordosis. Spine 2011; 37(10): E590-E598

Rundell SA, Day JS, Isaza J, Siskey R, MacDonald D, Kurtz SM. Derivation of clinically relevant boundary conditions suitable for evaluation of chronic impingement of lumbar total disc replacement: Application to standard development. Int J ASTM 2011; 8(5): 1-14. J AI103556.