By combining the disciplines of biology, physiology, anatomy and mechanics, biomechanics is used to explain how people move and how bone and tissue react to certain mechanical forces. Injury biomechanics specifically focuses on understanding the relationship between those mechanical forces and the cause of an injury.
In the same way skid marks and damaged vehicles tell a story about a traffic incident, so do injuries. Whether the injuries are superficial or involve fractures, it takes a certain type of event to cause a certain type of injury. Biomechanical engineers have the knowledge and understanding about the mechanical forces that result in an injury, which allow them to determine if an event is responsible.
The senior level biomechanical engineers at Explico have over 30 years of combined experience evaluating a variety of injurious scenarios and regularly testify nationally in both state and federal courts.
Whether it’s a high-speed rollover, low-speed collision or pedestrian impact, any injuries associated with the incident, along with any evidenced interaction with their surrounding environment, can explain what may have happened.
Explico has investigated numerous incidents involving revolving doors, escalators, curbs, sidewalks, stairways and construction sites. By characterizing surface conditions and reconstructing a person’s motions prior to a fall, Explico can determine the environment’s contribution, if any.
Closed-head injuries, such as concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, are injuries where the skull and underlying structures remain intact. They can include motor vehicle incidents, falls, sports, and physical assaults. Since those injuries can be difficult to diagnose objectively, comparing the accelerations experienced by an individual to the tolerances and limits contained within published scientific literature provide a quantitative means to determine the possibility of an injury.
Seat belts and airbags are designed to reduce forces on an occupant during certain crash scenarios. During a collision, occupant loading can create physical evidence on restraint system components. Explico has the expertise to carefully evaluate and interpret restraint system physical evidence to distinguish between seat belt use, nonuse, and misuse by vehicle occupants, and to determine how restraint systems can alter the outcome of an incident.
Whether it involves a bicycle or motorcycle or if it’s sports-related, knowing if the use of a helmet – or different type of helmet – could have altered the outcome of the incident is possible. Explico’s biomechanical experts have expertise and experience working in nationally renowned helmet research laboratories. By conducting a collision reconstruction and injury causation analysis, Explico’s experts are capable of providing case-specific testing and conclusions.
What types of injuries typically occur from short-height falls or violent shaking? Do any documented injuries align with the information provided by the caretaker? For an area so traumatic and damaging to all involved, it is not only important for a biomechanical injury causation analysis to occur, but it must be done correctly. Explico has extensive experience in performing these analyses with cases involving child abuse allegations.
Whether it involves the use of a certain type of tool or posture that is necessary for completing a task, Explico has the necessary experience, software, and equipment to determine if there is any association between a work task and a specific musculoskeletal disease.